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A dog is any of the animals in the subspecies "Canis lupus familiaris", part of the species Canis lupus. First domesticated, by humans over 15,000 years ago The domestic dog is a domesticated descendant of a now-extinct breed of wolf.
What is a dog breed?
Dog breeds are types of dogs that have a set of inherited characteristics that they pass on to their offspring and so are able to be classified as a specific breed that shares traits, looks, and characteristics.
Most dogs were bred for particular behaviours, such as hunting or herding.
Dog breeds vary in size and shape from the tiniest teacup Chihuahua to the massive St Bernards and Great Danes
These are not considered breeds until their genetic traits are predictably passed down to their offspring and they are recognised by one or more of the major kennel clubs
What Is A Breed Standard?
A breed standard is the description of the ideal example of a breed, both physical and behavioral. The description will include physical or morphological detail, such as their gait and musculature, athletic or productive performance, genetic criteria, colours, etc.
The first breed standards date back to the 19th century when dogs were generally bred for a purpose such as herding or hunting. These early breeders would meet to discuss and describe what they thought were desirable features in their breeds and documented these.
Since they were bred for a purpose, the breeds were grouped together by that purpose, as detailed below.
Crossbreeds and Mixed Breeds
In recent years dog breeders have created crossbreeds, which is a cross between two different dog breeds, such as the Labradoodle.
Many of these dogs have become very popular but are not considered breeds as the traits are not consistent enough.
You can find out more about popular crossbreeds here >>
More Dog Breed Information
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